JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
II Year B.Tech. Chem Engg -I Sem L T/P/D C
4 -/-/- 4
MATERIAL SCIENCE FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERS


Objective: This course will help students to learn about the relationship between structure and properties of materials, application of various classes of materials including metals, ceramics, polymers.

UNIT - I

Introduction: Engineering Materials – Classification – levels of structure.
Crystal Geometry and Structure Determination: Space lattice and Unit cell. Bravais lattices, crystal systems with examples. Lattice coordinates, Miller indices, Bravais indices for directions and places: crystalline and non crystalline solids; ionic, covalent and metallic solids; packing efficiency, coordination number; structure determination by Bragg’s X-ray diffraction and powder methods.

UNIT - II

Crystal Imperfection: Point defects, line defects-edge and screw dislocation, Berger’s circuit and Berger’s vectors, dislocation reaction, dislocation motion, multiplication of dislocations during deformation , role of dislocation on crystal properties; surface defects, dislocation density and stress required to move dislocations.

UNIT - III

Basic thermodynamic functions: phase diagrams and phase transformation: Primary and binary systemsgeneral types with examples; tie line& lever rule, non equilibrium cooling: phase diagrams of Fe-Fe3-C, Pb-Sn, Cu-Ni systems.
Phase transformations in Fe-Fe3-C steels, Time-Temperature-Transformation (TTT) curves for eutectoid steels and plain carbon steels; effect of alloying elements on properties of steels; types of steels, alloys and other metals used in chemical industry.

UNIT - IV

Elastic, an elastic and plastic deformations in solid materials; rubber like elasticity, visco elastic behavior (models); shear strength of real and perfect crystals, work hardening mechanisms, cold working, hot working; dynamic recovery, recrystallization, grain growth, grain size and yield stress, Brief description of heat treatment in steels.
Magnetic materials: Terminology and classification, magnetic moments due to electron spin, ferro-magnetism and related phenomena, domain structure, hysteresis loop, soft and hard magnetic materials.

UNIT - V

Fracture in ductile and brittle materials, creep: mechanism of creep and methods to reduce creeping in materials, creep rates and relations. Fatigue-mechanisms and methods to improve fatigue resistance in materials. Composite materials: types; stress-strain relations in composite materials, applications.
Oxidation and Corrosion: Mechanisms of oxidation, oxidation resistant materials, principles and types of corrosion, protection against corrosion.

TEXT BOOK:

  1. Materials Science and Engineering, 5th ed. V. Raghavan, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2009.

REFERENCES:

  1. Elements of Materials Science, L.R. Van Vlack,
  2. Science of Engineering Materials, vols. 1&2, Manas Chanda, McMillan Company of India Ltd.

Outcome: This course will enable the student to learn about proper selection of materials for designing various equipment in a chemical industry.

  • Created
    Jul 31, 2016
  • Updated
    Jul 31, 2016
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