II Year B.Tech. EEE I-Sem L T P C

3 0 0 3

Prerequisite: Mathematics-II (Ordinary Differential Equations and Multivariable Calculus) & Applied Physics

Course Objectives:

  1. To introduce the concepts of electric field and magnetic field.
  2. Applications of electric and magnetic fields in the development of the theory for power transmission lines and electrical machines.

Course Outcomes: At the end of the course, students will demonstrate the ability

  1. To understand the basic laws of electromagnetism.
  2. To obtain the electric and magnetic fields for simple configurations under static conditions.
  3. To analyze time varying electric and magnetic fields.
  4. To understand Maxwell’s equation in different forms and different media.
  5. To understand the propagation of EM waves.


Static Electric Field: Review of conversion of a vector from one coordinate system to another coordinate system, Coulomb’s law, Electric field intensity, Electrical field due to point charges. Line, Surface and Volume charge distributions. Gauss law and its applications. Absolute Electric potential, potential difference, Calculation of potential differences for different configurations. Electric dipole, Electrostatic Energy and Energy density.


Conductors, Dielectrics and Capacitance: Current and current density, Ohms Law in Point form, Continuity equation, Boundary conditions of conductors and dielectric materials. Capacitance, Capacitance of a two-wire line, Poisson’s equation, Laplace’s equation, Solution of Laplace and Poisson’s equation.


Static Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Forces: Biot-Savart Law, Ampere Law, Magnetic flux and magnetic flux density, Scalar and Vector Magnetic potentials. Steady magnetic fields produced by current carrying conductors. Force on a moving charge, Force on a differential current element, Force between differential current elements, Magnetic boundary conditions, Magnetic circuits, Self Inductances and mutual inductances.


Time Varying Fields and Maxwell’s Equations: Faraday’s law for Electromagnetic induction, Displacement current, Point form of Maxwell’s equation, Integral form of Maxwell’s equations, Motional Electromotive forces.


Electromagnetic Waves: Derivation of Wave Equation, Uniform Plane Waves, Maxwell’s equation in Phasor form, Wave equation in Phasor form, Plane wave in free space and in a homogenous material. Wave equation for a conducting medium, Plane waves in lossy dielectrics, Propagation in good conductors. Poynting theorem.


  1. M. N. O. Sadiku, “Elements of Electromagnetics”, Oxford University Publication, 2014.
  2. W. Hayt, “Engineering Electromagnetics”, McGraw Hill Education, 2012.


  1. A. Pramanik, “Electromagnetism-Problems with solution”, Prentice Hall India, 2012.
  2. G. W. Carter, “The electromagnetic field in its engineering aspects”, Longmans, 1954.
  3. W. J. Duffin, “Electricity and Magnetism”, McGraw Hill Publication, 1980.
  4. W. J. Duffin, “Advanced Electricity and Magnetism”, McGraw Hill, 1968.
  5. E. G. Cullwick, “The Fundamentals of Electromagnetism”, Cambridge University Press, 1966.
  6. B. D. Popovic, “Introductory Engineering Electromagnetics”, Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers, International Edition, 1971.
  7. A. Pramanik, “Electromagnetism - Theory and applications”, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2009.
  • Created
    Dec 13, 2020
  • Updated
    Dec 13, 2020
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