III Year B.Tech. AE - I Sem      L   T/P/D   C
4   -/-/-   4

Aim & Objectives:

The subjects will introduce the air transportation systems in detial.


Aviation industry & its regulatory authorities: Intorduction, history of aviation-evolution, development, growth, challenges. Aerospace industry, air transportion industry-economic impact- types and causes. Airline Industry-structure and economic characteristics.
The bredth of regulation- ICAO, IATA, national authorities (DGCA, FAA). Safety regulations-risk assessment-human factors and safety, security regulations, envioronmental regulations.


Airspace: Categories of airspac-separation minima, airspace sectors-capacity, demand and delay. Evolution of air traffic control system-procedural ATC system, procedural ATC with radar assistance, first generation 'automated' ATC system, current generation radar and computer-based ATC systems. Aerodrome air traffic control equipment and operation-ICAO future air-navigation system servise provides as businesses.

Communication, navigation and surveillance systems(CNSS). Radio communications-VHF, HF, ACARS, SSR, ADS. Navigation- NDB, VOR, DME, area-navigation systems (R-Nav), ILS, MLS, GPS, INS.


Aircraft: Costs-pproject cash-flow, aircraft price. Compatibility with the operational infrastructure. Direct and indirect operating costs. Balancing efficiency and effectiveness-payload-range, fuel efficiency, technical contribution to performance, operating speed and altitude, aircraft field length performance, typical operating costs. Effectiveness-wake-vrotices, cabin dimensions, flight deck.


Airprots: Setting up an airport-airport demand, airport siting, runway chracteristics-length, declared distances, aerodrome areas, obstacle safegurarding. Runway capacity- evaluating runway capacity -sustainablerunway capacity. Runway pavement length, Manoeuvring area- airfield lighting, aprons, Passenger terminals-terminal sizing and configuration. Airport demand, capacity and delay.


Airlines: Setting up an aieline-modern airline objectives. Route selection and development, airline objectives. Route selection and development, airline fleet planning, annual utilization and aircraft size, seating arrangements. Indirect operating costs. Aaircraft- buy or lease. Revenue generation, Computerized reservation systems, yield management. Integrating service quality into the revenue-generation process. Marketingthe seats. Airlinescheduling, Evaluating sucess-financial viability, regularity compliance, efficient use of resources, effective service.


  1. Hirst, M., The Air Transport System,Woodhead  Publishing  Ltd,Cambridge, England, 2008.


  1. Wensven, J.G.,Air Transportion:A  Management Perspective, Ashgate, 2007. 
  2. Belobaba,P.,Odoni,A.and Barnhart,C.,Global Airline Industry, Wiley,2009.
  3. M.Bazargan,M., Airline operations and Scheduling Ashgate, 2004.  
  4. Nolan,M.s., Fundamentals of Air Traffic Control,fourth edn., Thomson  Learning, 2004.
  5. Wells, A. and young, S.,Airport Planning and Management, fifth edn., McGraw-Hill, 1986. 

Outcome: The student with aqurie opernational knowledge of air transport.

  • Created
    May 28, 2015
  • Updated
    May 29, 2015
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