Fundamentals of Ecology Mid - I, September - 2014

1.Which among the following is the outer fringe of earth’s atmosphere
  • Stratosphere
  • Troposphere
  • Exosphere
  • Mesosphere
Answer: C
2.The gradual physiological adjustment to slowly changing environmental condition is known as
  • Selection
  • Induction
  • Acclimatization
  • Quarantine
Answer: C
3.Ecological niche of an organism represents
  • The resource it utilizes
  • Fundamental role in the ecological system
  • The range of conditions that it can tolerate
  • All of these
Answer: D
4.Pyramid of numbers deals with the number of L
  • Species in the area
  • Sub-species in a community
  • Individuals in a community
  • Individuals in a tropic level
Answer: D
5.Pick up the correct food chain
  • Grass→ Fox → Rabbit → Bird
  • Grass → Chameleon → Insect → Bird
  • Phytoplankton → Zooplankton → Fish
  • Fallen leaves → Bacteria → Insect larva
Answer: C
6.The author of book ”The fitness of the environment” in which characteristics of water are described
  • Murthy
  • Henderson
  • Henderson & Robertson
  • A. G Stanly
Answer: B
7.Temperate grasslands of in south America are known as
  • Veldt
  • Prairies
  • Pampas
  • Downs
Answer: C
8.Which of following is an example of Ecolabelling
  • Deposits on beverage containers
  • Declarations of recycled paper content
  • Product warranty information on appliances
  • Refunds for recycling printer ink cartridges
Answer: B
9.The following mathematical expression N(t+1)/N(t) can be used to determine
  • Exponential growth
  • Geometric growth
  • Maximum population size
  • Population density
Answer: B
10.The number of organisms of the same species living within the total area of their entire habitat is known as
  • Population size
  • Ecological density
  • Crude density
  • Population dynamics
Answer: C
11.Silent valley forest was declared as Silent valley national park in the year _______________
Answer: 1985
12.The amount of living material in different trophic levels or in a component population is known as__________________
Answer: Standing crop
13.Man lives in the____________________ region of atmosphere
Answer: Troposphere
14.Association of animals when both partners are benefitted is called as_____________________
Answer: Mutualism
15.The dominant second trophic level in Lake ecosystem is__________________
Answer: Zooplankton
16.Sardar sarovar project built across the ____________________river
Answer: Narmada river
17.An ecological agricultural management system by using biodiversity biological cycles without synthetic pesticides and conventional fertilizers is known as ___________________
Answer: Organic farming
18.The most accurate method of determining the size of a group of stationary organisms is ________ sampling
Answer: Quadrat
19.Meaning of word chipko is __________________
Answer: Embrace
20.T he maintenance of relatively constant internal environment is called _________________
Answer: Homeostasis